Watch the Video Tutorial
Whether they’re blemishes on skin or stains on a surface, Photoshop has a tool to remove them quite easily. Our focus here will be on working non-destructively. That means that we don’t want to paint on the original photo at all. The added advantage working this way is that our painting will be accessible on their own layers.
These are the tools we’ll focus on. They’re all made to repair photographs.
Clone Stamp Tool
The Clone Stamp Tool is often called the rubber stamp tool for a reason. It works very similarly. You take a sample on your photo, then you replicate it at another location. The goal is most often to cover up something under the cloning.
The Clone Stamp Tool doesn’t do any calculations or adjustments. It just clones the pixels you sampled, no matter whether they match or not.
Spot Healing Brush Tool
The Healing Brush Tool works very similarly to the Clone Stamp Tool, except that it’s a smarter tool. When you release the mouse, while cloning, it evaluates the surrounding pixels, then adjusts the cloned pixels to blend into their surroundings.
This is the perfect tool for removing blemishes on a subject’s skin. It should be your go-to tool. If you find it not bending to your will, go back to the Clone Stamp Tool.
The Healing Brush works by simply clicking on blemishes. There’s no need to sample pixels first. Just adjust the diameter and hardness of your brush, then click away. Just make sure you’re on a new, empty layer.
The Patch Tool is made to fix blemishes on large, rather flat surfaces in a photo. The idea is that you drag a good part of the photo on top of a damaged part of the photo. The tool does the work of blending the patch into its surroundings.
Note that if the Patch setting is at Normal, the tool doesn’t work on a separate layer. It’s best to set it to Content Aware, then work on a new empty layer named Patching.
Red Eye Tool
We’ve all seen the red eye effect in photos. Few know that it comes from light from your flash bouncing off the blood vessels at the back of the eye to return to your camera. Happily, there’s a dedicated tool to fix this in Photoshop.
All you need to do is use the Red Eye tool to click in the red eye. If you are not satisfied with the result, undo the correction, set one or more of the following options in the options bar, and click the red eye again:
- Pupil Size: Increases or decreases the area affected by the Red Eye tool.
- Darken Amount: Sets the darkness of the correction.
A reflection of the camera flash in the subject’s retina causes red eye. You’ll see it more often when taking pictures in a darkened room because the subject’s iris is wide open. To avoid red eye, use the camera’s red eye reduction feature. Or, better yet, use a separate flash unit that you can mount on the camera farther away from the camera’s lens. From: Adobe
The Final Product
The important factor is to never touch the original photo. Make sure edits you make are on their own layers. This allows you to return to the photo to make changes. You can also turn off your new layers to see the original photo.
Content Aware Tools
The Content Aware Tools in Photoshop are truly magical. They make a really good guess at how you want to fill in shapes. All you do is lasso the unwanted area, then Edit > Fill > Content Aware Fill. Presto!
Go ahead and try. Lasso the lamp, then go Edit > Fill > Content Aware… When the surfaces differ a lot, it’s better to do it in multiple steps.
Fix blemishes on the provided photo with any of the tools above, as needed. Feel free to use an adjustment layer. You’ll likely need them to colour her lips and maybe her eyes. Subtlely.
It’s very important that your work is non-destructive. The focus of this assignment is has two goals:
- repair blemishes seamlessly.
- make repairs non-destructive – do not touch the original photo.
You can create layers as needed. I usually create a layer for each separate task. Remember to name all of your layers with a meaningful name.
Content Aware Fill
Use Content Aware Fill to remove the microphone and light from the background.
Save, then close the document.